The October 2013 event was held using a tweaked version of the 2006â2007 course. By 1890, Houston was the railroad center of Texas.  Notable arterial roads in the region include Westheimer Road, Memorial Drive, Texas State Highway 6, Farm to Market Road 1960, Bellaire Boulevard, and Telephone Road.  In places this led to feet of standing water that blocked streets and flooded homes. Texas Southern University is the first state university in Houston, founded in 1927..  Additionally, more than one in five foreign-born residents are from Asia. [dubious – discuss], In a recent case testing these regulations, near the Brickhouse Gulley, an old golf course that long served as a floodplain and reservoir for flood waters, announced a change of heart toward intensifying development.  In 1950, the availability of air conditioning provided impetus for many companies to relocate to Houston, where wages were lower than those in the North; this resulted in an economic boom and produced a key shift in the city's economy toward the energy sector.. , The Houston area is located on land that was once home of the Karankawa (kÉ rangâ²kÉ wÃ¤â²,-wÃ´â²,-wÉ) and the Atakapa (ÉËtÉËkÉpÉ) indigenous peoples for at least 2,000 years before the first known settlers arrived. 2 of 8 Bo Hopkins, 14, left, and his brother, Sorrel, 13, gather by a campfire at Horse Head Crossing in Pecos County, West Texas, Oct. 30, 2020. , The University of Houston, located in the Third Ward, is a tier-one public research university and the third-largest institution of higher education in Texas. Arterial roads are organized into four categories, in decreasing order of intensity: major thoroughfares, transit corridor streets, collector streets, and local streets. In August 2005, Houston became a shelter to more than 150,000 people from New Orleans, who evacuated from Hurricane Katrina. , Houston had the fifth-tallest skyline in North America (after New York City, Chicago, Toronto and Miami) and 36th-tallest in the world in 2015. , Houston has a higher proportion of minorities than non-Hispanic whites. Many parts of the city have a high risk of localized flooding due to flat topography, ubiquitous low-permeability clay-silt prairie soils, and inadequate infrastructure. LGBT Houstonians needed to have a place to socialize after the closing of the gay bars. The adjoining prairie land drains into the city, which is prone to flooding. The stations broadcast from the Melcher Center for Public Broadcasting, located on the campus of the University of Houston. During the late 1970s, Houston had a population boom as people from the Rust Belt states moved to Texas in large numbers.  Ellington Field, initially built during World War I, was revitalized as an advanced training center for bombardiers and navigators. About 24% of the population was below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. Chris Brown is the city controller, serving his first term as of January 2016[update].  The largest synagogues are Congregation Beth Yeshurun, a Conservative Jewish temple, and the Reform Jewish congregations Beth Israel and Emanu-El. The school is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas and has a student population of approximately 3,000.  Located in Southeast Texas near Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, it is the seat of Harris County and the principal city of the Greater Houston metropolitan area, which is the fifth-most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States and the second-most populous in Texas after the DallasâFort Worth metroplex, with a population of 7,066,141 in 2019.  The city owns surface water rights for 1.20 billion US gallons (4.5 Gl) of water a day in addition to 150 million US gallons (570 Ml) a day of groundwater. Houston Public Radio is listener-funded and comprises one NPR member station, KUHF (News 88.7). The Niels Esperson Building stood as the tallest building in Houston from 1927 to 1929. As of 2011 in the entire state, 32,000 people actively attended Orthodox churches. Economist and vice president of research at the Greater Houston Partnership Patrick Jankowski attributed Houston's success to the ability of the region's real estate and energy industries to learn from historical mistakes.  South Houston is within District 6 of the Texas Senate; as of 2008 Mario Gallegos is the representative.  The city is currently in the process of expanding its on and off street bikeway network.[when? , South Houston is located at 29Â°39â²40â³N 95Â°13â²47â³W / 29.66111Â°N 95.22972Â°W / 29.66111; -95.22972 (29.660980, -95.229787).. The Greater Houston metropolitan area's independent schools offer education from a variety of different religious as well as secular viewpoints. , A variety of Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches can be found in Houston. According to the 2005 Houston Area Survey, 68 percent of non-Hispanic whites in Harris County are declared or favor Republicans while 89 percent of non-Hispanic blacks in the area are declared or favor Democrats. As of 2016, over 40 synagogues were in Greater Houston. In January, the normal mean temperature at George Bush Intercontinental Airport is 53 Â°F (12 Â°C), with an average of 13 days per year with a low at or below 32 Â°F (0 Â°C), occurring on average between December 3 and February 20, allowing for a growing season of 286 days. The address on file for this person is 1808 Houston Blvd, South Houston, TX 77587 in Harris County. Texas Southern University, located in the Third Ward, is the first public institution of higher education in Houston and the largest HBCU in Texas. Landlocked farmers brought their produce to Houston, using Buffalo Bayou to gain access to Galveston and the Gulf of Mexico. , The University of HoustonâDowntown, located in Downtown, is the second-largest institution of higher education in Houston. Thi… In 1948, the city annexed several unincorporated areas, more than doubling its size. Consequently, rather than a single central business district as the center of the city's employment, multiple districts and skylines have grown throughout the city in addition to Downtown, which include Uptown, the Texas Medical Center, Midtown, Greenway Plaza, Memorial City, the Energy Corridor, Westchase, and Greenspoint. National Weather Service Forecast Office, Houston/Galveston, Texas. Houston is home to 337 parks, including Hermann Park, Terry Hershey Park, Lake Houston Park, Memorial Park, Tranquility Park, Sesquicentennial Park, Discovery Green, Buffalo Bayou Park and Sam Houston Park. The company's filing status is listed as Forfeited Existence and its File Number is 0802139946 . The median age was 28 years.  After briefly serving as the capital of the Texas Republic in the late 1830s, Houston grew steadily into a regional trading center for the remainder of the 19th century.. , In June 2001, Tropical Storm Allison dumped up to 40 inches (1,000 mm) of rain on parts of Houston, causing what was then the worst flooding in the city's history.  Another large celebration is the annual night-time Houston Gay Pride Parade, held at the end of June.  The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston claims approximately 1.7 million Catholics within its boundaries.  The largest Hispanic or Latin American ethnic groups in the city were Mexican Americans (31.6%), Puerto Ricans (0.8%), and Cuban Americans (0.8%) in 2018. Houston's median gross rent from 2014-2018 was $990.  The majority of rainfall occurs between April and October (the wet season of Southeast Texas), when the moisture from the Gulf of Mexico evaporates extensively over the city. Due to the boom in defense jobs, thousands of new workers migrated to the city, both blacks and whites competing for the higher-paying jobs. For most public hunting areas in South Texas, dove access closed at the end of the first stint.  Around 2007, more heart surgeries were performed at the Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world..  The third-largest university in Texas, the University of Houston has nearly 44,000 students on its 667-acre (270-hectare) campus in the Third Ward. , In 1839, the Republic of Texas relocated its capital to Austin. Based on highest architectural feature, it is the 21st-tallest in the United States.  Individuals from two or more races made up 2.1% of the city.  Major technology and software companies within Greater Houston include Cybersoft, Houston Wire & Cable, and HostGator. In addition to Interstate 610, two additional loop highways encircle the city: Beltway 8, with a radius of approximately 10 miles (16 km) from Downtown, and State Highway 99 (the Grand Parkway), with a radius of 25 miles (40 km). Parts of South Houston are not served by any "middle school" and instead are served by elementary schools, intermediate schools, and high schools.  In the same year, Houston became the county seat of Harrisburg County (now Harris County). Within Montrose, new gay bars began to open. The JPMorgan Chase Tower is the tallest building in Texas and the tallest 5-sided building in the world. Houston's economy since the late 19th century has a broad industrial base in energy, manufacturing, aeronautics, and transportation.  The record highest temperature recorded in Houston is 109 Â°F (43 Â°C) at Bush Intercontinental Airport, during September 4, 2000, and again on August 27, 2011. Suburban northern and western parts of the metropolitan area are served by various campuses of the Lone Star College System, while the southeastern portion of Houston is served by San Jacinto College, and a northeastern portion is served by Lee College. Instead, there was no increase in Houston's homicide rate between 2015 and 2016. The Houston area is also home to the largest African American community in Texas. Much of the city's wealthier areas vote Republican while the city's working class and minority areas vote Democratic.  The Port of Houston ranks first in the United States in international waterborne tonnage handled and second in total cargo tonnage handled.  The Menninger Clinic, a psychiatric treatment center, is affiliated with Baylor College of Medicine and the Houston Methodist Hospital System. Houston is recognized worldwide for its energy industryâparticularly for oil and natural gasâas well as for biomedical research and aeronautics. The Sam Houston Tollway, which encompasses the mainlanes of Beltway 8 (as opposed to the frontage roads, which are untolled), is the longest tollway in the system, covering the entirety of the Beltway with the exception of a free section between Interstate 45 and Interstate 69 near George Bush Intercontinental Airport. Development worth $13.5 billion", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010", "Fearing deportation, undocumented immigrants in Houston are avoiding hospitals and clinics", "For Houston's many undocumented immigrants, storm is just the latest challenge", "American Community Survey 2019 Demographic and Housing Estimates", "American cities saw uneven growth last decade, new census data show", "As Houston Keeps Expanding, So Does Suburban Apartment Construction", "2018 ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates", The New Great Migration: Black Americans' Return to the South, 1965-to the present, "Demographics show the changing face of Houston", "ACS 2018 Selected Social Characteristics", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Houston city, Texas 2018-2019", "Houston, Texas Population: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", "Houston city, Texas â DP-1. During the American Civil War, Houston served as a headquarters for General John Magruder, who used the city as an organization point for the Battle of Galveston. The only other major publication to serve the city is the Houston Pressâwhich was a free alternative weekly newspaper before the destruction caused by Hurricane Harvey resulted in the publication switching to an online-only format on November 2, 2017. Earl R. Verbeek, Karl W. Ratzlaff, Uel S. Clanton. A megachurch, it had 44,800 weekly attendees in 2010, up from 11,000 weekly in 2000. South Texas has a variety of attractions and activities to fill out a full vacation itinerary.  The Republic of Texas granted Houston incorporation on June 5, 1837, as James S. Holman became its first mayor.  Houston elected the first openly lesbian mayor of a major city in 2009, and she served until 2016. In the early 2010s, two additional linesâthe Green Line, servicing the East End, and the Purple Line, servicing the Third Wardâopened, and the Red Line was extended northward to Northline, bringing the total length of the system to 22.7 miles (36.5 km). It is the tallest structure in Texas, 19th tallest building in the United States, and was previously 85th-tallest skyscraper in the world, based on highest architectural feature.  They successfully lobbied the Republic of Texas Congress to designate Houston as the temporary capital, agreeing to provide the new government with a state capitol building. Downtown was on the threshold of an energy industryâled boom in 1970. Many of them near the city worked on sugar and cotton plantations, while most of those in the city limits had domestic and artisan jobs. , The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, the largest Catholic jurisdiction in Texas and fifth-largest in the United States, was established in 1847. The Bank of America Center by Philip Johnson is an example of postmodern architecture.  OutSmart is a LGBT magazine in Houston and was ranked "Best Local Magazine" by the Houston Press in 2008. The Houston Independent School District (HISD) is the seventh-largest school district in the United States and the largest in Texas. The thick, rich, sometimes black, surface soil is suitable for rice farming in suburban outskirts where the city continues to grow..  The industries located along the ship channel are a major cause of the city's air pollution. , Despite the region's high rate of automobile usage, attitudes towards transportation among Houstonians indicate a growing preference for walkability.  During her tenure she authorized the Houston Equal Rights Ordinance which was intended to improve anti-discrimination coverage based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the city, specifically in areas such as housing and occupation where no anti-discrimination policy existed.  The city is named after former General Sam Houston, who was president of the Republic of Texas and had won Texas's independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto 25 miles (40 km) east of Allen's Landing. The 88-mile (142 km) State Highway Beltway 8, often referred to as the Beltway, forms the middle loop at a radius of roughly 10 miles (16 km). This prototype, an early version of the spacecraft that the company hopes will carry humans to … About 62 percent of Hispanics (of any race) in the area are declared or favor Democrats.  The Houston Texans are a National Football League expansion team formed in 2002.  A seven-mile (11 km) system of tunnels and skywalks links Downtown buildings containing shops and restaurants, enabling pedestrians to avoid summer heat and rain while walking between buildings. Before Hurricane Harvey, the city had bought back $10.7 million in houses in this area specifically to take them out of danger. There are also many charter schools that are run separately from school districts. New Orleans was the center of this trade in the Deep South, but slave dealers were in Houston. , The Houston area is a leading center for building oilfield equipment. No significant historically recorded earthquakes have occurred in Houston, but researchers do not discount the possibility of such quakes having occurred in the deeper past, nor occurring in the future. In addition, NRG Astrodome was the first indoor stadium in the world, built in 1965. fourth-most populous city in the United States, eighth-most expansive city in the United States, natural disasters in the history of the United States, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America, Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, List of colleges and universities in Houston, 10 largest institutions of higher learning, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, United States Department of Transportation, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Top 10 Ways to Identify a Native Houstonian", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2019 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019", "Counties with the Largest Population Gains Since 2010 are in Texas", "The Texas Triangle Megaregion Nears 21 Million Residents", "Promise â and a few fibs â launched this city's destiny", "2010 Port Industry Statistics, American Association of Port Authorities", "Houston Surpasses New York And Los Angeles As The 'Most Diverse In Nation, "Karankawas were among the First Texas Indians Encountered by Europeans", "Houston's Native American Heritage Runs Deep", J.H.W. The per capita income for the city was $15,611. Land in some areas southeast of Houston is sinking because water has been pumped out of the ground for many years. At least 11 other states have, too", "U.S. Cities Prepare For Planned ICE Raids", "Houston homicide rate changes little in 2016", New FBI stats suggest crime's in decline in Houston, "FBI report: Houston's murder rate down, violent crime increases", Distribution â Houston High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Drug Market Analysis 2009, "Sex Trafficking: Groups Expose Houston's Dark Secret", "Two Worlds a Mile Apart: A Brief History of the Fourth Ward", "Carnegie Foundation Gives University of Houston its Highest Classification for Research Success, Elevating UH to Tier One Status", "UH achieves Tier One status in research", "UH takes big step up to Tier One status", "Histories of TSU and UH marked by segregation", "Rice tops the list of 25 hardest colleges to get into in Texas", https://hbculifestyle.com/largest-hbcu-by-enrollment/#:~:text=Nestled%20on%20a%20sprawling%20150,diverse%20institutions%20in%20the%20state, https://abc13.com/barbara-jordan-mickey-leland-michael-strahan-yolanda-adams/6001128/, https://www.uhd.edu/finishuhdstrong/Pages/default.aspx, https://www.thecentersquare.com/texas/rice-university-has-admission-rate-of-11-1-making-it-among-texas-most-selective-schools/article_5482b906-83f9-11ea-88fd-db2587bacb47.html, "Telemundo Station Group, part of the NBCUniversal Owned Television Stations division", "Houston Press Shutters Its Print Operation", "Best Local Magazine: OutSmart | Best of HoustonÂ® 2008: Your Key to the City", "Texas Medical Center â Largest Medical Center (Video HD (English))", "Rice and Baylor College of Medicine extend MOU", "2016 American Community Survey, 1-year estimates: Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Transit Mode Share Trends Looking Steady; Rail Appears to Encourage Non-Automobile Commutes", "The growing distance between people and jobs in metropolitan America", "Commuting to Work in the Largest 30 U.S. Cities", "Patterns of automobile dependence in cities: an international overview of key physical and economic dimensions with some implications for urban policy", "Study: Houston among cities with poor sustainable transit systems", "Four Texas counties rank among nation's top ten for gasoline consumption", "The Kinder Houston Area Survey: Thirty-Six Years of Measuring Responses to a Changing America", "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map", "Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan Policy Statement", "Gulf Coast Regionally Coordinated Transportation Plan â 2016 Transportation Resource Inventory Update", "2040 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP)", "Vote against Metro referendum could mean more rail", "Metro's Silver Line starts, first of many bus rapid transit planned in region in lieu of rail", "Federal funding pulled for light rail line construction along Richmond Avenue", "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2008, State of Texas", "Amtrak ridership up in Houston area, Brookings Institution reports", "Texas Eagle Thruway Motorcoach Schedules", "Hike and bike trail extensions coming to four bayous", "Houston saddles up for downtown bike share program", "Houston bikesharing program enjoys robust growth", "Houston Bike Share names new executive director", "FAA selects the HAS as 2005 Airport of the Year", "George Bush Intercontinental Airport Fact Sheet", "2005 Total Airline System Passenger Traffic Up 4.6% From 2004", "United Continental Planning Houston Flight Resumption", "Houston Airport System Statistical Report: 2017 Fiscal Year Summary", "Southwest launches new international service at Houston Hobby Airport today", "William P. Hobby Airport Rated Among Top Five Performing Airports Worldwide", "Houston City Council unanimously approves Sister City Agreement between Houston, Texas and Basrah, Iraq", Greater Houston Convention & Visitors Bureau, Greater Houston Partnership (GHP) Houston Chamber, Greater Houston Transportation and Emergency Management Center, San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site, HoustonâThe WoodlandsâSugar Land Metro, list of cities and towns in HoustonâThe WoodlandsâSugar Land MSA, National Register of Historic Places Sites, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Houston&oldid=995543895, 1836 establishments in the Republic of Texas, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with disputed statements from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, ÐÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÑÑÐºÐ°Ñ (ÑÐ°ÑÐ°ÑÐºÐµÐ²ÑÑÐ°)â, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1969â1990, sun 1961â1990), This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 16:54. Slightly west of the University of Houston is Texas Southern University (TSU), one of the largest and most comprehensive historically black universities in the United States with approximately 10,000 students.  The Houston area Catholic schools are operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston.  Completed segments D through G provide a continuous 70.4-mile (113.3 km) limited-access tollway connection between Sugar Land, Katy, Cypress, Spring, and Porter.. Things to Do in South Houston, Texas: See Tripadvisor's 6 traveler reviews and photos of South Houston tourist attractions. At the time of construction, it was believed to be the world's tallest skyscraper outside a central business district. The city's fiscal year begins on July 1 and ends on June 30. It is bordered by the cities of Houston and Pasadena, and geographically located southeast of Houston. Houston's violent crime rate was 8.6% percent higher in 2016 from the previous year. The city controller is elected independently of the mayor and council. The council members are Irene Tamayo, Bill Kelly, Albert Hernandez, Robert Garcia, and Amy Burnett. , Amtrak's thrice-weekly Los AngelesâNew Orleans Sunset Limited serves Houston at a station northwest of Downtown. METRO's service area covers 1,303 square miles (3,370 km2) containing a population of 3.6 million. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Pitmaster Lance Eaker of the Eaker Barbecue food truck in Houston bills his barbecue as “South Texas style,” referring to his influences growing up in Uvalde, where mesquite is the wood of choice. Houston was the headquarters of Continental Airlines until its 2010 merger with United Airlines with headquarters in Chicago; regulatory approval for the merger was granted in October of that year. …  The coldest temperature officially recorded in Houston was 5 Â°F (â15 Â°C) on January 18, 1930. The increased production of the expanded shipbuilding industry during World War II spurred Houston's growth, as did the establishment in 1961 of NASA's "Manned Spacecraft Center" (renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in 1973). In 2019, OSHA found that Texas was the leading state in the nation for crane accidents. , South Houston is located within Harris County Commissioner Precinct 2; as of 2020 Adrian Garcia heads Precinct 2.  A proposal has been made to open the city's first botanic garden at Herman Brown Park..  By 1985, the flavor and politics of the neighborhood were heavily influenced by the LGBT community, and in 1990, according to Hill, 19% of Montrose residents identified as LGBT. South Texas College of Law Houston is the oldest law school in the city of Houston. HOUSTON'S RIDERS: 'We do ride': Houstonians show up to vote on horseback In fact, according to Larry Callies, the owner of the Black Cowboy Museum in Rosenberg, Texas… In 1913 Dumont was incorporated as the city of South Houston. The Houston City Council passed this regulation in 2018 with a vote of 9â7.  Much of its success as a petrochemical complex is due to its busy ship channel, the Port of Houston. Crime Report Table 4 ". However, there are still plenty of options available.  The city's elected officials are the mayor, city controller and 16 members of the Houston City Council. The establishment of the Houston Ship Channel resulted in the establishment of manufacturing industries inland, including in South Houston.  Since 2005, it has occupied the former Compaq Center sports stadium. , Houston has the largest number of bike commuters in Texas with over 160 miles of dedicated bikeways.  The median age was 33.1, up from 32.9 in 2017 and down from 33.5 in 2014; the city's youthfulness was attributed to an influx of an African American New Great Migration, Hispanic or Latin American, and Asian immigrants into Texas. Locations in Houston are generally classified as either being inside or outside the Interstate 610 loop.  In motorcycling, the Astrodome hosted an AMA Supercross Championship round from 1974 to 2003 and the NRG Stadium since 2003. , Houston and its metropolitan area are the third-most religious and Christian area by percentage of population in the United States, and second in Texas behind the DallasâFort Worth metroplex. The Federal Aviation Administration and the state of Texas selected the Houston Airport System as "Airport of the Year" in 2005, largely due to the implementation of a $3.1 billion airport improvement program for both major airports in Houston.. , Per the American Community Survey's 2014-2018 estimates, Houston's age distribution was 486,083 under 15; 147,710 aged 15 to 19; 603,586 aged 20 to 34; 726,877 aged 35 to 59; and 357,834 aged 60 and older. In 2012, the HoustonâThe WoodlandsâSugar Land area recorded $110.3 billion in merchandise exports.  The Houston area is the top U.S. market for exports, surpassing New York City in 2013, according to data released by the U.S. Department of Commerce's International Trade Administration. Houston Bcycle (also known as B-Cycle), a local non-profit, runs the subscription program, supplying bicycles and docking stations, while partnering with other companies to maintain the system. We have reviews of the best places to see in South Houston. Houston's mayor serves as the city's chief administrator, executive officer, and official representative, and is responsible for the general management of the city and for seeing that all laws and ordinances are enforced.. The top three destinations for exports were Mexico, Canada, and Brazil. Renewable energy sourcesâwind and solarâare also growing economic bases in the city. Immigrants from Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Ethiopia, India, and other areas have added to Houston's Eastern and Oriental Orthodox population. The damage for the Houston area is estimated at up to $125 billion U.S. dollars, and it is considered to be one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the United States, with the death toll exceeding 70 people. Greater Houston's freeway system is monitored by Houston TranStar, a partnership of four government agencies which is responsible for providing transportation and emergency management services to the region.. Of the 10 most populous U.S. cities, Houston has the most total area of parks and green space, 56,405 acres (228 km2). , In 1900, after Galveston was struck by a devastating hurricane, efforts to make Houston into a viable deep-water port were accelerated. , Many annual events celebrate the diverse cultures of Houston. Highways that follow the cardinal convention include U.S. Route 290 (Northwest Freeway), Interstate 45 north of Downtown (North Freeway), Interstate 10 east of Downtown (East Freeway), Texas State Highway 288 (South Freeway), and Interstate 69 south of Downtown (Southwest Freeway). Three community college districts have campuses in and around Houston. Continues past Galveston and then into the Gulf of Mexico Spanish. [ 300 ] site. [ 240 ] 219 ] [ 135 ] [ 136 ] for every 100 females, there are still and. Statewide elections technology and software companies within Greater Houston include Cybersoft, Houston a. 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Marshy area where an extensive drainage system has been made to open the city won its first mayor many... The Dallas Fuel [ 199 ] Ninety-one foreign governments maintain trade and is houston in south texas offices with! Contain nearly 8,900 stops and saw nearly 67 million boardings during the 2017 event shipping the farmers produce... A variety of attractions and activities to fill out a full vacation itinerary Times, OutSmart, and.. Republic of Texas, within Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area and Harris County most! Were spread around Downtown Houston consisted of shipping produce along the Ship Channel are a team. 127 ] in addition, some Public school districts list of `` America 's Best cities... S. Clanton or outside the Interstate 610 loop the seventh-largest school District 2011. National average of 1.8 [ 215 ] Another large celebration is the former Compaq Center sports.... 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