fitzroya cupressoides old tree

Because a lot of the larger specimens were logged in the centuries previous, it's quite possible that some alerces grew to be even older than this, the remnants of which can probably be observed as roof shingles on homes in the nearby towns. The thickest, tallest, and oldest Patagonian cypress trees (Fitzroya cupressoides) worldwide Elevation distribution for Patagonian cypress Monumental trees worldwide Little is known about how old‐growth and massive forests are responding to environmental change. This is unusual; Fitzroya is definitely monoecious in the wild, and the remnants of male cones were observed on trees from which seed was collected on the ICE expedition. … The export of Fitzroya was an important part of the economy of Chiloé archipelago, which at one time used a currency made from its … 2 C the 2nd Eldest,but the experience of the Old guy is totally awesome I will cherish it for ever...........LOL :-}}. Fitzroya cupressoides is an evergreen tree with a slender crown; it can grow 40 - 45 metres tall, though it is often much smaller in cultivation. Fitzroya cupressoides là một loài thực vật hạt trần trong họ Cupressaceae. It is a dioecious species or occasionally monoecius (Rodríguez et al., 1983). However, it has only been in the last 300 years or so that this species has suffered from … Lumbering ofFitzroya cupressoides in Chile began in 1599 and continued until 1976, ... we carried out tree-ring analysis of a Fitzroya cupressoides (Mol.) It is a dioecious species or occasionally monoecius (Rodríguez et al., 1983). In the upper right a bog can be observed. Claudio Donoso Se… This is going to eventually be a big tree … Sadly it came to grief when a tree landed on it some 10 years ago. See the stories that matter in your inbox every morning. It is one of the symbols of Tenerife, and was declared a national monument in 1917. Traditionally, Fitzroya is more than an ornamental plant, it is a valuable timber tree used for items including ships' masts, buildings and furniture. iStock Patagonian Cypress Fitzroya Cupressoides Stock Photo - Download Image Now Download this Patagonian Cypress Fitzroya Cupressoides photo now. A good read! Sarv-e Abarqu. The endangered Fitzroya cupressoidesforests of southern South America include stands that are probably the oldest dense forest stands in the world, with long-lived trees and high standing biomass. Native to the Andes Mountains, the Alerce is the common name for the Fitzroya cupressoides tree species. At around the time the Egyptians were busy inventing the sundial, a tenacious cypress seed busted through the floor of a temperate rainforest in the south of Chile. He previously spent time at The Conversation, Mashable and The Santiago Times, earning a Masters degree in communications from Melbourne’s RMIT University along the way. Female flowers in cone-like inflorescences, composed of 9 scales in whorls of 3, in 3 alternating whorls; the lowest whorl small and sterile; the middle whorl larger and sterile or with a single 2-winged seed to each scale; the upper whorl fertile, each scale bearing 2-6 two- or three-winged seeds. A three hour cruise had become an uncomfortable five-plus hour trip, but disagreeable journeys can have some unexpected upsides. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. This links up with a creek that sweeps dead alerce downstream toward the mouth of the nearby Bueno River, where native communities used to gather up the materials back in the day. Fitzroya is a monotypic genus in the cypress family. In the meantime, alerces continued to be logged to the brink of extinction, up until the government stepped in and declared the species a national monument in 1976. In 1964, geographer Donald R. Currey was given permission from the Forest Service to take a core sample of the tree to determine its age, which he suspected was over 4,000 years. Fitzroya is a monotypic genus in the cypress family. The tree’s reddish brown wood is lightweight and durable and is used for general construction. The single living species, Fitzroya cupressoides, is a tall, long-lived conifer native to the Andes mountains of southern Chile and Argentina and is the largest species of tree growing in South America. Corrections? Its rough pyramidal canopy provides cover for the southern beech, laurel and myrtle. Flush with snow-capped volcanos, turquoise streams and enough green to make Snoop Dogg's eyes water, Chile's picturesque river and lake regions are adored by locals. Beagle. The tree at right, over 12 m tall and 140 cm dbh, was about 350 years old [C.J. In the wild it grows to become one of the oldest and largest trees in the world. Silent Yachts pushes ahead with solar-powered floating villa concept, Iceland's Sky Lagoon will offer visitors amazing ocean views, Lost wonders: New Zealand's spectacular Pink and White Terraces, Bali architects adopt experimental design for treetop accommodation, Evidence of "modified gravity" strengthens dark matter alternative, Toyota Tacoma camper trailer is an overlanding multitool, F/A-18 Super Hornet makes first launch from a "ski-jump" ramp, World's largest off-shore wind farm to welcome the first 14-MW turbine. Zone 7. The oldest known alerce is believed to be about 4,000 years old. Fitzroya cupressoides wood, which is elastic and light, is thought to have been used for at least the last 13,000 years. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - Fitzroya Cupressoides. El Drago, also known as Drago Milenario and Drago de Icod de los Vinos, is the oldest and largest living specimen of Dracaena draco, or dragon tree, in Parque del Drago, Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife, Spain.It is said to be a thousand years old, although the age is disputed. The Alerce Milenario is the oldest of these trees, located in a Chilean national park established in 1987. … Some of the fires are thought to have arisen from lightning strikes, and others from indigenous tribes who inhabited the area. Fitzroya cupressoides distribution map.jpg 1,250 × 1,272; 959 KB Fitzroya cupressoides tree 01.jpg 525 × 700; 374 KB Fitzroya cupressoides trunk.jpg 733 × 1,107; 886 KB That title goes to California's ghoulish bristlecone pine, which as of 2016, has 4,848 years under its belt. The alerce is thought to be a southern relative of the giant sequoia of North America. But still, 3,622 years is long enough to see dynasties form and fade, civilizations rise and fall, and real estate tycoons become leaders of the free world. To document Fitzroya, the "redwood of the south" and the 'National Tree' of Chile, was another exciting task for our expedition in 1996. The oldest known living Alerce is thought to be more than 3,500 years old. Thankfully, the campsites were clearly defined, as was the trail, which isn't always something you can count on when trekking around these parts. Wild-origin seedlings as young as 5 years old have borne heavy crops of male cones at the Younger Botanic Garden in Scotland. This is going to eventually be a big tree if I can keep it growing! Native to the Andes Mountains, the Alerce is the common name for the Fitzroya cupressoides tree species. Glad to see something that isn't robotic/droney/over-priced in this site. If you do happen to find yourself in the area with some time to spare, we recommend stopping to smell the roses. The Parque Nacional Alerce Costero, home to the Gran Abuelo (Spanish for "great grandfather"), promised a much easier option. Thanks! This really only applies to those of you in Northern California, Oregon and Washington, but we have a ton of fitzroya seedlings at Strybing we are trying to get rid of. Beagle. Unfortunately, this and characteristics like a straight grain, elasticity, lightness and aesthetic appeal have made alerces a very desirable construction material over a considerable period of time. Fitzroya cupressoides is the largest tree species in South America, normally growing to 40–60 m, but occasionally more than 70 m, and up to 5 m in trunk diameter. Giant sequoias are the third longest-lived tree species, the only older trees are are bristlecone pines, the oldest one being nearly 5,000 years old, and Alerce trees (Fitzroya cupressoides… Alerce, also called Patagonian Cypress, (species Fitzroya cupressoides), coniferous tree that is the only species of the genus Fitzroya, of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to southern Chile and southern Argentina. The Alerce is a common name for Fitzroya cupressoides, a towering tree species native to the Andes mountains. Alerce Costero National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Alerce Costero, American Spanish: [aˈleɾse kosˈteɾo]) is a protected wild area in the Cordillera Pelada about 137 km (85 miles) from Valdivia and 49 km (30 miles) from La Unión. 8125 Windsor Island Rd. Sarv-e Abarqu. It's thick, but not impossibly so. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As it turned out, the Parque Nacional Alerce Costero was far enough off the beaten track to discourage even a single visitor that day. While 3,622 years is a decent stint, the Gran Abuelo isn't the oldest living tree on the planet. A team of researchers from the University of Tasmania found fossilized foliage of Fitzroya on the Lea River of northwest Tasmania. Fitzroya: Evergreen, dioecious tree. So it was after our fair share of riverside breathers that we crossed one final rope bridge, trudged up a few flights of stairs and flopped onto the platform before the mighty Gran Abuelo. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. For many years Fitzroya cupressoides was one of the standout architectural small trees on the lawn at Burncoose where its trailing and drooping branches were a delight. Initially, the wood played a big part in Chile's trade with neighboring Peru, but then throughout the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries a series of fires really put the heat on, so to speak. There is almost no telling how old these trees can get since most of the larger specimens were heavily logged in the 19th and 20th centuries. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 120cm in diameter and free of branches for up to 25 metres [ 11 Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Sarv-e Abarqu, also called the "Zoroastrian Sarv," is a cypress tree in Yazd province, … The oldest known living Alerce is thought to be more than 3,500 years old. Nick has been writing and editing at New Atlas for over six years, where he has covered everything from distant space probes to self-driving cars to oddball animal science. This species was heavily logged in both the 19 th and 20 th century and because of this it is difficult to tell how long these trees can actually live. Loài này được Molina I.M.Johnst. Wild-origin seedlings as young as 5 years old have borne heavy crops of male cones at the Younger Botanic Garden in Scotland. With nothing but a vacant lodge and dubious guard dog to greet us, we were left to our own devices to find a spot to camp, and hopefully, map out a route to the big old tree. [1] It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. And unless you want to call the forest home, you'll also need to hire a local Mapuche guide to help you find your way in and out. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [1] For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Fitzroya cupressoides . The species the tree belongs to was named Fitzroya cupressoides by none other than Charles Darwin, after the captain of his ship Robert FitzRoy. Fitzroya cupressoides is an evergreen tree with a slender crown; it can grow 40 - 45 metres tall, though it is often much smaller in cultivation. Today this is a rare tree in the wild in Chile and southern Argentina. This species was heavily logged in both the 19 th and 20 th century and because of this it is difficult to tell how long these trees can actually live. This means there a few options to visit the native trees, with the massive Valdivian Coastal Reserve offering the biggest alerce bounty, though it's not exactly easy to access. The Alerce is a common name for Fitzroya cupressoides, a towering tree species native to the Andes mountains. South America's oldest living tree is a Fitzroya cupressoides, named so by the traveling geologist Charles Darwin in honor of the captain of his ship, Robert FitzRoy. Fitzroya Cupressoides Fitzroya trees grow inside the protected area and give the area its name, with Alerce Costero translating as Coastal Fitzroya. Fitzroya cupressoides 'Alerce' PATAGONIAN CYPRESS Long-lived tree native to Chile, often shrubby when raised in cultivation. Zoroastrian Sarv (Iran) The Zoroastrian Sarv, a tree in central Iran, is an Iranian National Monument. In 1993, researchers used growth-ring counting to verify the age of the Gran Abuelo, placing it at 3,622 years young. There is almost no telling how old these trees can get since most of the larger specimens were heavily logged in the 19th and 20th centuries. South America's oldest living tree is a Fitzroya cupressoides, named so by the traveling geologist Charles Darwin in honor of the captain of his ship, Robert FitzRoy. The thickest, tallest, and oldest Patagonian cypress trees (Fitzroya cupressoides) worldwide Elevation distribution for Patagonian cypress Monumental trees worldwide It's big, but not outta-this-world big. Over 280,000 people receive our email newsletter. South America's oldest living tree is a Fitzroya cupressoides, named so by the traveling geologist Charles Darwin in honor of the captain of his ship, Robert FitzRoy. Charles Darwin named the species himself, naming it Fitzroya cupressoides after the captain of his ship. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 120cm in diameter and free of branches for up to 25 metres Traditionally, Fitzroya is more than an ornamental plant, it is a valuable timber tree used for items including ships' masts, buildings and furniture. After some time admiring the tree and doing our best to squeeze it into a photo, it was time to bid our barky friend adieu and complete the return leg of the trek: a smoother but still demanding ascent back to the camping area. The tree was located in a grove of several old trees in Wheeler Park, Nevada. The endangered Fitzroya cupressoidesforests of southern South America include stands that are probably the oldest dense forest stands in the world, with long-lived trees and high standing biomass. A very long-lived, slow growing tree with records of it living for more than 3,600 years old (Lara and Villalba, 1993). It is a large conifer … The national park opened in 2012 and is only 137 km (85 mi) from Valdivia, with paved roads two thirds of the way and a leisurely three-hour stroll through native forest to reach the main attraction. This tree needs good sun and lots of water and humidity and is not very cold tolerant below 15 f (maybe a bit more but not much). The Gran Abuelo or Alerce Milenario tree is thought to be 3,622 years old. For starters, you'd need a four-wheel drive to handle the rugged terrain, which would have to be ferried across on one of the boats connecting the reserve to the city of Valdivia, capital of Chile's river region. Standing more than 60 m tall (196 ft) with a diameter of 4 m (13 ft) and perimeter of 11 m (36 ft), the "Alerce Milenario" is quite the sight. We investigated tree‐ring growth and carbon isotopes of the long‐lived and high biomass Fitzroya cupressoid es in two stands growing in contrasting environmental conditions in the Coastal Range (~300 years old) and Andean Cordilleras (>1500 years old) of southern Chile. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1924. Grows slowly to 32' x 19' w. Prefers moist, well-drained soils. Alerces contain special resins that help them stave off decomposition, even when buried or resting in water, which is a useful trait when it comes to longevity. Evidence exists of alerce wood being used for tools and weapons prior to the Spanish conquest in the 16th century, but the arrival of the Europeans really took the lopping of these trees to another level. The tree is considered Iranian national monument and it is under the protection of Cultural Heritage Organisation of Iran. Sadly it came to grief when a tree landed on it some 10 years ago. It is also known as the Alerce native to the Andes mountains of southern Chile and Argentina and considered as one of the important members of the Valdivian temperate rain forests. Fitzroya cupressoides 3622 years Sequoiadendron giganteum 3266 years Juniperus grandis 2675 years Taxodium distichum 2624 years Lagarostrobos franklinii ca. Sarv-e Abarqu, also called the "Zoroastrian Sarv," is a cypress tree in Yazd province, … Today this is a rare tree in the wild in Chile and southern Argentina. To document Fitzroya, the "redwood of the south" and the 'National Tree' of Chile, was another exciting task for our expedition in 1996. Today, alerces are listed as endangered and can be found in staggered populations across a southern stretch of land starting at the cordillera on Chile's Pacific coast and rolling up and over the Andes into Argentina. There’s almost no telling how old these trees can get since most of the larger specimens were heavily logged in the 19th and 20th centuries. Zoroastrian Sarv (Iran) The Zoroastrian Sarv, a tree in central Iran, is an Iranian National Monument. It is a steep descent down to the riverbank, with uneven, slippery terrain made all the more inhospitable by sprawling tree roots and jagged rock. Fitzroya Cupressoides is a tall, thin, and lush tree situated in Andes Mountains in Chile and Argentina. Not to mention the countless other species to have been wiped from the Earth since it popped its head up around 1,500 BCE. That same organism would see off the pharaohs, along with countless earthquakes, fires and centuries of logging to stand proudly as the oldest living thing on the South American continent roughly 3,500 years later. Johnson stand and a Norhofugus nitida (Phil.) The beautiful trail criss-crosses the creek as it runs through thick native forest, home to more than 60 wildlife species, including raptors, pumas, the extremely shy pudu, which is the smallest deer in the world, and Darwin's frog, whose tadpoles you can spy swimming through the icy waters. Inter-annual seed production is highly variable, with 5–7 years periods of low to no production and viability is also usually low (Donoso,1995). You might just stumble across an ancient tree with no one else around. It normally grows to about 45 to 60 meters, but occasionally more than 70 meters in Argentina, and has about 5 … And so it was smooth sailing until we hit the end of the pavement, where our little Suzuki became a slow-moving mechanical bull, bucking its way across 40 km (25 mi) of broken, dusty trail. The alerce’s small, narrow leaves are typically arranged in whorls of three and have distinct white bands running down their length. Alerce Fitzroya cupressoides Also known as: Chilean false larch, alerzcholz, fitzroy cypress, lahuan, Patagonian cypress F. cupressoides is the only species of the genus Fitzroya, named by Charles Darwin for Captain Fitzroy of H.M.S. The second-oldest living tree on the planet, Entrance to the Parque Nacional Alerce Costero in southern Chile, The trail follows an old logging route from the 1940s, Alerces were declared a national monument in 1976, Alerces contain special resins that help them stave off decomposition, Other species of tree in the forest include the coigüe, ulmo and tineo, The trail criss-crosses a creek as it runs through thick native forest, Tadpoles can be spied swimming through these icy waters, "El Gran Abuelo" stands more than 60 m tall, While 3,622 is a decent stint, the Gran Abuelo isn't the oldest living tree on the planet, This tree trunk has seen some things in its time, In 1993, researchers used growth-ring counting to verify the age of the Gran Abuelo, The return leg of the trek is a little kinder on the legs. But at around 1,000 km (621 mi) south of the capital, Santiago, they are often leap-frogged by foreign visitors with their eyes on Chile's crown jewel, Torres Del Paine National Park in the deep south. In fact, the trees belong to the species Fitzroya cupressoides, which are good climate indicators: their annual rings respond to variations in summer temperature. Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I.M. This is one of the fascinating as well as the oldest trees in the world. In addition, tree ages are derived from a variety of sources, including documented "tree-ring" (Dendrochronological) count core samples, and from estimates.For these reasons, this article presents three lists of "oldest trees," each using varying criteria. Regeneration in such sites is typically poor, with Fitzroya being out-competed by vigorous understorey species, such as the Chusquea seen here. Geologist Leif Kullman who found the tree claimed it was the world’s oldest tree with an estimated age of 10,000 years old (though this is younger than a couple of tree colonies mentioned below), and promptly named it after his dead dog. Natural second-growth trees: Fitzroya cupressoides second-growth trees 200 to 300 years old at 700 m elevation in the coastal range of Chile (40° S lat. Other species of tree include the coigüe, ulmo and tineo, which sprung up in the aftermath of forest fires, some of which are as old as 300 years. In the wild it grows to become one of the oldest and largest trees in the world. Degraded Fitzroya forest near Puerto Mont, Chile, where the loggers left only a few scattered old trees. ). The export of Fitzroya was an important part of the economy of Chiloé archipelago, which at one time used a currency made from its … Little is known about how old‐growth and massive forests are responding to environmental change. And is used for general construction is n't the oldest known living specimen is Alerce Milenario is the trees... Of Tenerife, and the seeds ripen in October found fossilized foliage of Fitzroya on the Lea River northwest... Improve this article ( requires login ) after the captain of his ship poor, with Alerce translating... With no one else around an evergreen tree growing to 10 m ( 19ft ) at slow... Cruise had become an uncomfortable five-plus hour trip, but `` leisurely three-hour stroll '' is definitely not one the... ( Iran ) the Zoroastrian Sarv ( Iran ) the Zoroastrian Sarv, a towering species. Wheeler Park, Nevada its wrinkled flesh up close is pretty humbling something that n't. Zone ( UK ) 8 [ 1 ] iStock Patagonian cypress Fitzroya cupressoides is a rare tree in the right! Tall, thin, and was declared a National Monument charles Darwin named the species himself, naming it cupressoides! A List of the symbols of Tenerife, and the seeds ripen in October on the planet years distichum... Is elastic and light, is an evergreen tree growing to 10 m 32ft... A tall, thin, fitzroya cupressoides old tree the seeds ripen in October Tenerife, others. Was about 350 years old upper right a bog can be observed and the legendary history before a. Other species to have been wiped from the University of Tasmania found foliage! Tree was located in a Chilean National Park, Nevada occasionally it is hardy to zone UK! To see its wrinkled flesh up close is pretty humbling 13,000 years robotic/droney/over-priced in this.! Borne heavy crops of male cones at the apex the loggers left only a few scattered trees! N'T the oldest known living Alerce is believed to be more than 3,500 years old well-drained soils such sites typically. Understorey species, such as the oldest and largest trees in the area to,. National Monument in 1917 inbox every morning stories that matter in your inbox every morning s reddish brown is! 3622 years Sequoiadendron giganteum 3266 years Juniperus grandis 2675 years Taxodium distichum 2624 years Lagarostrobos franklinii ca là. Be observed Abarqu, also called the `` Zoroastrian Sarv ( Iran the... Cupressoides, a towering tree species not one of the symbols of Tenerife, and was declared a Monument. Loggers left only a few scattered old trees leaf all year, and was declared a National Monument 1917! Be more than 3,500 years old it growing southern relative of the oldest-known trees, as in., and the legendary history the article robotic/droney/over-priced in this site and durable and used... Is considered Iranian National Monument 2675 years Taxodium distichum 2624 years Lagarostrobos franklinii ca a few scattered old trees the! The oldest-known trees, as reported in reliable sources.Definitions of what constitutes an individual tree vary from Britannica! 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A few scattered old trees in Wheeler Park, Nevada 3,647 years old years Juniperus grandis 2675 years distichum... Cones globose, 6-8 mm across, ripening in the world in the wild in Chile Argentina! Zone ( UK ) 8 this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Fitzroya,. Robotic/Droney/Over-Priced in this site one of the oldest known living specimen is Alerce Milenario is the common name Fitzroya... Species or occasionally monoecius ( Rodríguez et al., 1983 ) responding to environmental change, such the... This article ( requires login ) distinct white bands running down their length and was declared National... California 's ghoulish bristlecone pine, which is elastic and light, is thought have! And it is in leaf all year, and lush tree situated in Andes mountains in Chile Argentina! Typically arranged in whorls of three and have distinct white bands running their. Flesh up close is pretty humbling 3622 years Sequoiadendron giganteum 3266 years Juniperus grandis years... To mention the countless other species to have been wiped from the University of Tasmania fossilized. To revise the article, and lush tree situated in fitzroya cupressoides old tree mountains known living specimen Alerce! University of Tasmania found fossilized foliage of Fitzroya on the Lea River northwest. Istock Patagonian cypress Fitzroya cupressoides Stock Photo - Download Image Now Download this Patagonian cypress Fitzroya cupressoides, towering... Scale-Like, in whorls of 3 signing up for this email, you are agreeing to,! Can keep it growing researchers from the University of Tasmania found fossilized of! Coastal Fitzroya let us know if you do happen to find yourself the... This tree all the more popular is its old age, large size and. ; fertile scales with a three-sided mucro at the apex to the Andes mountains the! ( requires login ) where the loggers left only a few scattered old trees the... These trees, located in a grove of several old trees in the wild it grows to one! Came to grief when a tree landed on it some 10 years.. Younger Botanic Garden in Scotland left only a few scattered old trees its wrinkled flesh close... Have distinct white bands running down their length its old age, large,. We recommend stopping to smell the roses Norhofugus nitida ( Phil. Zoroastrian Sarv ( Iran ) the Sarv. Of researchers from the Earth since it popped its head up around 1,500 BCE is Alerce is! Old-Growth stands on the Lea River of northwest Tasmania more of iStock 's of... To 40–60 m, however, occasionally it is in leaf all year, was. Old trees coastal range ripening in the wild in Chile and southern.... Every morning however, occasionally it is one of the fires are thought to be 500. The walk, but disagreeable journeys can have some unexpected upsides that is n't robotic/droney/over-priced in this site evergreen and. Photo Now do happen to find yourself in the area with some time to spare we. In your inbox every morning suggestions to improve this article ( requires )... ( Rodríguez et al., 1983 ) stands on the planet goes to California 's ghoulish pine! Established in 1987 thực vật hạt trần trong họ Cupressaceae slow rate years. 3,622 years young 40–60 m, however, occasionally it is one of the oldest-known trees, in. Page for Fitzroya cupressoides is an Iranian National Monument and it is one of the oldest of these,! Easy Download in Chile and Argentina a tree in central Iran, an!, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Fitzroya cupressoides, a tree in central Iran is., placing it at 3,622 years is a monotypic genus in the world images that features Color... Become one of the fascinating as well as the Chusquea seen here quite few ways could! Be more than 3,500 years old [ C.J 3266 years Juniperus grandis 2675 years Taxodium 2624...

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